Empowerment Glossary

Empowerment is our creed and we don’t want you to think of cannabis terminology as a second language. Here’s our list of terms to guide you away from confusion.

Cape Ann Cannabis entourage effect for peak performance

The “Entourage Effect in Cannabis” describes the synergy between the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids found in the cannabis plant. The individual effects of these compounds can change, and even be enhanced, when the full spectrum of the whole plant is working together. The whole is indeed greater than the sum of the parts. We believe in creating the same synergy. By combining the sum of our expertise including in-depth knowledge of cannabis strains, on-site medical staff, and supreme customer service standards, we will work with you to understand your goals and to find the right solution that fits your needs.

Access Point: A medical access point is an authorized location where patients can find and purchase medical cannabis.


Backcross (BX): A backcross is a hybrid plant that has been bred with one of its parents (or a plant that is genetically similar) in order to create offspring that is closer to that of the the original parent. For example, a grower could breed a plant with its own father to make sure the baby has its dad’s height. This is often done to maintain rarer strains or strengthen those with desired recessive genes.


BHO: Butane hash oil is a potent concentrate made by dissolving cannabis in its plant form in a solvent (usually butane). The resulting product becomes a thick, sticky oil with very high THC levels (generally more than flowers or hashish). BHO is also referred to as honey oil, “dabs” or “dabbing,” earwax, or shatter, depending on the manufacturing method.


Blunt: Cannabis placed inside a tobacco leaf cigar or cigarillo paper. The cigar may be hollowed out and then re-rolled with cannabis, and often burns longer than joints. These are popular in larger social gatherings.


Bong: A large pipe, usually made of glass, is a filtration system that uses water to diffuse and cool the smoke as you breathe it into your lungs.

Bud: The actual flower of the cannabis plant that is harvested and used for recreational or medicinal purposes and contains the highest concentrations of active cannabinoids.

Budtender: Used to describe sales attendants working at cannabis stores.

Cannabinoids: Chemical compounds that are found both in the body (endo-cannabinoids) and in the cannabis plant (phyto-cannabinoids). While THC and CBD are the most popular and most well researched cannabinoids, there are over 100 cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, many of which have been shown to have specific benefits and effects.

Cannabis: A plant genus that produces three species of flowering plants: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis is native to Asia, but grows almost anywhere and has been cultivated both for the production of hemp and to be used as a drug.

CBD: Provides relief without the “high”. CBD (Cannabidiol) is the powerhouse non-psychoactive compound of the cannabis plant that has been shown to help with inflammation, pain, mood issues, and sleep. For more visit out sister CBD store capeannbotanicals.com

Clone: Just like it sounds a clipping is taken from a mother plant to be rooted and grown to replicate the attributes of the original plant.

Concentrates: Concentrates are made to be a potent consolidation where cannabis, in its plant form, is dissolved into a solvent. The resulting product has very high THC level (generally more than flowers or hashish), and can produce a variety of varying products from BHO, budder/wax to resinous bits called shatter.

Cross (genetics): This happens when two different plant strains are bred together.

Dab/Dabbing: A dab refers to a dose of cannabis concentrates “dabbed” onto a redhot surface, usually a nail and inhaled through a dab ring. This method and has been around for over a decade.

Dank: It’s used to describe sticky, high-quality cannabis with a strong aroma.

Edibles: An easier and sometimes whimsical way to ingest cannabis, we offer products to fit everyone’s taste buds: cookies, gummies, lozenges, and even capsules. Edibles are often made with cannabis-infused butter or oil and come in easy-to-dose servings. Edibles are absorbed through the digestive track and can take over an hour to feel the effects, which also makes the effects last the longest. Stay mindful of time and don’t get impatient if you don’t feel something right away.

Flowers: The “pretty” part of a plant is true for cannabis too although beauty here is the hairy, sticky, crystal-covered bits that are harvested and dried to be used as medication.

Hash/Hash Oil: Short for hashish, a high potency derivative of the cannabis plant that is generally stronger than straight flowers since only the resin of the plant is used. Hash oil or “honey oil is a variation made using a chemical solvent.

Haze: A very popular strain of the sativa family that is known to stimulate creative behavior and increase energy.

Heirloom: A cannabis strain replanted from its native home into a new geographical location.

Hybrid: A genetic cross between one or more separate strains of cannabis either usually bred to combine desired traits of the original plants. Most cannabis bought today is some form of hybrid.

Hydroponics: Refers to a system of gardening that does not use soil. Plants are grown in water and receive their nutrients from the addition of solutions rather than soil. For growers, hydroponic advantages include more control over nutrient intake and stability. In terms of cannabis production, plants grown hydroponically are sometimes said to have cleaner, more distinct flavors.

Indica: Cannabis indica is a species of cannabis. Compared to their sativa counterparts, the plants are shorter, bushier and have more compact flower structure. While this species has been touted to produce more relaxing physical effects new developments in cannabis research show that it is not that simple. In addition, many plants grown today are hybrids of the sativa and indica species.

Joint: A rolled cigarette filled with cannabis.

Kief: The sticky crystals that contain the vast majority of the plant’s cannabinoids. The dried cannabis flower is extremely potent and touted as the primary ingredient in hashish production.

Kind: Word for very potent cannabis, typically with high levels of THC.

Marijuana: The general term for the female cannabis plants or their dried flowers, which contain the high percentage of cannabinoids that hold both their medicinal and intoxicating properties.

Oil: A shortened term for hash oil (or butane honey oil, wax, shatter, budder), which is a cannabis extract and golden in color. Users can smoke oil, use it in a vaporizer or eat them in edibles.

Pre-roll: Pre-roll cannabis cigarettes are an easy option for purchase and use if you don’t want to roll your own.

Recreational: A term for a cannabis dispensary where cannabis is sold to intentionally change one’s state of consciousness in order to produce feelings of elation or relaxation.

Sativa: A species of cannabis plant. These can grow over 5 feet and are lighter in color and take longer to flower. When consumed, sativas have been known to create more of a “head high” as opposed to the more sedative ones Indicia, but new developments in cannabis research show that it is not that simple. In addition, many plants grown today are hybrids of the sativa and indica species.

Shatter/Ice: Shatter or ice often refers to BHO, which is listed above.

Skunk: A powerful strain that —you guessed it—has a pungent, similar to that of a skunk.

Strain: Stands for the specific variety of the plant species. In cannabis strains are created to produce the desired traits in the plant and the name can reflect the plant’s appearance, promised effect, or place of origin. Because strains can easily be mistakenly or purposely misidentified it’s important to buy from a retailer you trust to get the effect you were requesting.

Terpene: Terpenoids (or terpenes) are fragrant, organic compounds found in many species of plants that determine smell and flavor. They also affect the human body in a variety of ways and contribute to The Entourage Effect — terpenes help boost and expand the therapeutic effects of cannabinoids, especially THC. Different cannabis strains have specific concentrations of terpenes. Our customer advocates will review product labels with you to help explain which terpenes are present in each product.

THC: THC adds more than just the “high.” While THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) is known for producing the “high” associated with cannabis use, it is also revered for its anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-nausea, and pain-relieving qualities. THC has been shown to help with PTSD, insomnia, arthritis, seizures, and severe pain.

Tincture: Tinctures are an option for people who value convenience, efficiency, and discretion. Tinctures are often made by soaking cannabis in alcohol, glycerin, or coconut oil and typically come in small dropper bottles. Tinctures are absorbed sublingually (under the tongue) to work quickly. They are also very concentrated and require careful dosage levels using the included graduated eyedropper. Another option is to add tinctures to food and beverages to make your own cannabis edibles (but make sure to follow the dosing guidelines for an edible).

Topical: Cannabis topicals, including lotions, salves, and balms, can work their magic with little to no intoxicating effects. Topicals are most popularly chosen for localized pain relief, muscle soreness, tension, inflammation, and skin conditions like psoriasis, dermatitis, and itching. Apply directly to affected areas, avoiding any open wounds. Wash your hands after every use.

Trichome: The resin production glands of the cannabis plant. These protrusions that look hairy are actually “crystals,” which is how they are often described. THC, CBD and other cannabinoids are all produced in these glands.

Vape pen: A vaporizer pen (or vape pen) is a smaller version of a regular vaporizer that’s easy to carry and typically uses pre-filled cartridges.

Vaporizer: A vaporizer heats either flowers or cannabis-infused oils to a temperature that produces a cannabinoid-laced vapor to inhale. Vaporizing is healthier than smoking since there is no smoke to ingest. This method provides near instant effects and with more compact models on the market, vaporizing is growing in popularity.

Wax: A concentrated form of cannabis that’s created when the plant is dissolved into a solvent.

Weed: A slang term for cannabis.